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Identity Groups 

What is the difference between personal and group identity? 


Group identity is a type of social identity which is created by the members of a group. It can be formed by the shared experience, values, and beliefs. Group identity can be seen as an extension of personal self-concept because it is based on what we think of ourselves in relation to others. 


What is the role of group identity? 


The concept of identity is not a new one, but it has been redefined in the modern era. The modern era is an era that is characterized by an increased sense of individualism. In this sense, people are more likely to think about themselves as individuals rather than members of a group. 

However, the idea that people are simply individuals with no ties to any group makes little sense in today’s world. With globalization and the internet, we are constantly exposed to different cultures and groups of people. In addition to this, we have seen a rise in ethnic tensions and conflicts around the world. This means that being a member of a group has become more important than ever before. 

 In this sense, group identity is important because it provides us with a way to make sense of our place in society and how we fit into it. Group identity determines who we should interact with and what values we should hold dear (or not). The benefits of having a group identity are that it offers individuals a role model to follow, it increases self-esteem, and enhances feelings of belonging. However, the downsides to having a group identity is that it can lead to social pressure as well as outgroup bias. Outgroup bias impacts the attitudes and negative behaviours towards those who are not considered part of a particular group identity. This can lead to stereotyping and exclusion. These behaviours get more intensified the stronger your group identity is. So, this is always something to be conscious of. 


What is an example of group identity? 

The way people are formed is a process that starts from the moment we are born and continues throughout our lives. The formation of a group, on the other hand, can happen in different ways. It can be formed by an individual or by many individuals. Groups may be formed by chance or it could be formed intentionally. The group members might also have different levels of participation in the group's activities. People can form group identities along any lines, including but not limited to: 

  1. Ethnicity or nationality 
  2. Cultural heritage 
  3. Religion or Spiritual beliefs 
  4. Sports 
  5. Politics 
  6. Hobbies or interests 

If any of these identities resonate with you, consider setting up a group in your workplace or community if they do not already exist. If they do, you might think about getting involved. You can use these groups to fight for change, learn about others with similar interests to you, discuss topics of importance, attend relevant events, or just get together for a social occasion with like-minded people. 




Group identity has numerous benefits and can be utilised in organisations, social clubs and communities alike to foster inclusion, belonging and a celebration of diversity. Typically group identities share common features, characterisitcs or interests. It is important to be mindful of the drawbacks of group identity but certainly the benefits can outweigh the negatives. One example that can be utilised to foster greater group identities is setting up employee resoruce groups or affinity groups. 

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